Jim Burnley published "The Skies Are Not Open" in Foreign Affairs on November 1, 2017. Here is an excerpt.
In "Trump, Trade, and the Open Skies" (September 7, 2017), Ashley Nunes discusses whether the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Qatar are playing by the rules of the United States' Open Skies agreements, the primary trade deals that govern flights between countries. (The United States currently has 123 such bilateral agreements.) Nunes does not dispute that both Gulf countries have provided their state-owned airlines—Emirates Airline, Etihad Airways, and Qatar Airways—with billions of dollars in subsidies but rather argues that the "vague" language of Open Skies means "subsidies aren’t prohibited outright."