April 28, 2020

District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia Reopening Plans

3 min

The District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia have established criteria for reopening the local and state economies in the region. These criteria track with the federal government's gating criteria and three-phase reopening plan. While there have been some promising changes in statistics for new cases, new hospitalizations, and deaths in the region, the criteria are not nearly being reached, as reported in The Washington Post. Accordingly, DC Mayor Muriel Bowser, MD Governor Larry Hogan, and VA Governor Ralph Northam made a joint request in a letter to the Office of Personnel Management to urge the Office to "continue to implement broader telework policies for the federal workforce, while we continue to combat the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic." The region has more than 360,000 federal employees.

The current goal, regionally, is to begin reopening economy at some point in May. However, DC, Maryland, and Virginia all indicate that they will require the following before reopening:

  • Expanded testing and contact tracing
  • More hospital beds and supplies to absorb surges of seriously ill patients
  • Many more masks and other protective gear

Here is how the region is doing relative to meeting its goal of reopening in May:


Total cases

3,994 (as of 4/27/2020)

20,113 (as of 4/27/2020)

14,339 (as of 4/27/2020)

Total deaths

190 (as of 4/27/2020)

929 (as of 4/27/2020)

492 (as of 4/27/2020)


402* (as of 4/20/2020, according to officials) DC does not report daily hospital admissions.

1,528 (as of 4/27/2020)

2,165 (as of 4/27/2020)

New hospital beds

70%-75% full; working to add 1,000-1,500 beds by 5/15/2020

Working on 6,000

Can handle expected new hospitalizations with existing beds for 2 months

ICU admissions (ventilator use)

Information not available

Average daily ICU admissions: 9.7 for period ending 4/22/2020

22% ventilator use for COVID-19; state does not share ICU admissions data


Received a fraction of request to FEMA. To get through August, DC needs:

  • 600,000 N95 masks
  • 5.6 million surgical masks
  • 1.4 million gowns
  • 350,000 face shields
  • 40 million gloves

Received a fraction of request to FEMA. Launched a multiagency task force to increase state’s supply.

  • Recently received 1 million more face shields
  • Expecting 4.5 million N95 masks

Received a fraction of request to FEMA. Not enough in any PPE category.

  • Ordered 500,000 masks; subsequently outbid by Trump administration; Virginia did not receive the masks they ordered
  • Test results from state labs usually in 24 hours; private lab results in up to 9 days


  • 73,635 tests conducted; infection rate: 19%
  • Aiming to conduct 20,000 tests per day
  • Bought 500,000 tests from South Korea; order received
  • 82,753 tests conducted (as of 4/27/2020)
  • Currently conducting 2,000-3,000 tests per day
  • VA is working with insurers to waive costs for COVID-19 testing

Contact tracing

  • 250 people currently doing this work
  • Signed contract with National Opinion Research Center to hire 750 more contact tracing workers, roughly meeting goal

Information not available

Information reported by The Washington Post and the individual jurisdictions. Additional details are available at the District of Columbia, State of Maryland, and State of Virginia websites dedicated to the public health crisis. Data changes daily as the situation evolves.

For questions or comments, contact:

Claude E. Bailey
Tel: 202.344.8057