2023 Dollar Limits on Compensation and Benefits

2 min

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has announced 2023 dollar limits on benefits, contributions, and compensation. The Internal Revenue Code (Code) affords tax benefits for employers that sponsor qualified plans and for employees who participate in such plans. In exchange for these tax benefits, the Code places limits on the contribution and benefit amounts. The IRS makes annual cost-of-living adjustments to these limits.

The rate of inflation was higher than usual in 2022, so many limit increases are greater than the usual yearly increase.

The key limits for 2023 (and the limits that applied in 2022) are listed in the table below:


Code Section


401(k)/403(b) Elective Deferrals




457(b) Contributions




Age 50+ "Catch-Up" Contributions to 401(k), 403(b), and governmental 457(b) plans




DC Annual Additions




DB Annual Benefits




Highly Compensated Employees




Annual Compensation Taken into Account




Key Employee/Officer




HSA Annual Contribution







Social Security Wage Base



The most important changes in these limits are as follows:

  • The annual limit on elective deferrals will rise from $20,500 to $22,500. 
  • The total annual limit on employer and employee contributions ("annual additions") will rise from $61,000 to $66,000. ("Catch-up contributions" do not apply in calculating this limit, so the annual limit for those age 50 and older can be as high as $73,500.) This will benefit employees in defined contribution plans that provide for after-tax employee contributions, or that include generous employer-provided benefits.
  • The annual limit on compensation that can be used in calculating contributions and benefits and in performing certain nondiscrimination testing will increase from $305,000 to $330,000 (and will be even higher for certain governmental plans).
  • The annual amount that individuals can contribute to health savings accounts, if they are covered by high-deductible health plans, will increase from $3,650 to $3,850 in the case of individual coverage, and from $7,300 to $7,750 in the case of family coverage.
  • And the Social Security Administration independently announced that the maximum amount of wages subject to Social Security taxes for 2022 will increase from $147,000 to $160,200.

Please contact any of the attorneys in our Employee Benefits and Executive Compensation Group if you have any questions regarding this alert.